[EXHIBITION 展覽] West Lake Panorama: A Millennium of Woodblock Printing 湖山勝概:綿延千年的雕版印刷

日期
07/12/2018 - 09:30 - 24/02/2019 - 18:00
地址
香港大學美術博物館
薄扶林般咸道九十號

香港大學(港大)美術博物館將於2018年12月7日至2019年2月24日呈獻《湖山勝概:綿延千年的雕版印刷》展覽。展覽頌揚千年以來發展自杭州西湖地區、著名的印刷與木刻版畫技術的歷史。這種稱為「水印」、利用水溶性顏料和木板的技術,在當代中國版畫界受到廣泛應用,這是由於製作水印版畫的過程中牽涉形式複雜的套印,故版畫家能造出幾乎是無窮的色彩效果。 是次展覽囊括1980年代中期至今天的當代水墨山水畫,及明清兩代的雕版印刷作品。

至少早自唐代 (618至907),西湖已是畫家、詩人、樂師及印刷者的靈感泉源。他們各自致力呈現這地域的面貌,並以這個簡潔典雅、經過改動的山水景色為發揮創意的基礎。在9世紀至12世紀,一系列人造景物── 包括堤道、島嶼及寶塔都相繼加建於西湖一帶。基於上述物質上的「修繕」,西湖被譽為中國園林設計的權威、自然與人造兩者融為一體的象徵、及佛教理想中寧靜和平的具體表現。

西湖是一個活的有機體,由人手和自然界雕塑而成,與中國古典美學、山水設計及哲學發現保持一致。在杭州和附近一帶工作的藝術家以其糅合傳統木刻版畫、與較現代的調色和抽象圖像的能力別樹一幟。其中以碩果僅存、亦是最後一所位於中國學院內的傳統雕版印刷工作室──中國美術學院的紫竹齋所生產的作品,尤其值得關注。

是次展覽的展品聚焦於對傳奇西湖山水的詮釋,包括早期黑白雕版印刷的重印本,並於明末發展而成、稱為餖版的彩色印刷技術。透過將木板切割成許多小塊,餖版印刷的藝術家能以一塊木板來印刷多重顏色,並複製往往配有精緻筆觸的墨染繪畫風格。融合歐洲技術如蝕刻法、與標誌性中式風格的混合式山水佈局,亦是許多源自西湖地區的版畫的特色。

The University Museum and Art Gallery (UMAG) of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) will present "West Lake Panorama: A Millennium of Woodblock Printing" from December 7, 2018 to February 24, 2019. "West Lake Panorama" celebrates the storied history of printmaking and woodblock technologies which have developed around Hangzhou’s West Lake area for the past millennium. Literally known as ‘water-printing’ ("shuiyin"), the technique of working with water-soluble colours and wooden blocks has been widely used throughout contemporary Chinese printmaking, as the process allows for complex forms of overprinting in order to reproduce a nearly infinite range of colours. The UMAG exhibition includes contemporary ink landscapes ranging from the mid-1980s to the present day, along with Ming and Qing dynasty woodblock editions.

Since at least the Tang dynasty (618–907 CE), West Lake has served as a wellspring of inspiration for painters, poets, musicians and printers, each engaged in representing the region, and in utilising the classically altered landscape as a basis for further creative work. Between the 9th and 12th centuries a series of artificial features — including causeways, islands and pagodas — were added to the area. Based on these physical ‘improvements’, West Lake has been celebrated as a canonical example of garden design and the symbiotic fusion of man and nature, as well as a physical embodiment of the Buddhist ideal of peacefulness.

West Lake stands as a living organism, sculpted by human hands and the natural world; it aligns with classical Chinese notions of beauty, landscape design and philosophical discovery. The related artists working in and around Hangzhou have distinguished themselves through their ability to combine traditional forms of woodcut printing with more modern colour palettes and abstract figures. Of particular note are prints produced by the China Art Academy’s Purple Bamboo Studio ("Zizhuzhai"), which is one of the few remaining traditional woodblock printing studios, and the very last located within a Chinese academy.

Artworks in the exhibition feature interpretations of the fabled West Lake landscape, including the reproduction of early forms of black-and-white woodblock printing, and the multicolour technique known as "douban", developed late in the Ming dynasty. By dividing the woodblock into multiple pieces, the "douban" artist is able to print multiple colours with only a single block, and to replicate ink-wash painting styles normally associated with delicate brush work. Hybrid landscape constructions that meld European techniques, such as etching, with a definitively Chinese sense of style are also a hallmark of many prints emanating from the West Lake area.

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